Researchers in the US have found that the lung capacity of adults who were born prematurely may be lower than those born full-term (after at least 37 weeks of pregnancy).
The study, published in the journal, Annals of the American Thoracic Society, compared the lung function of adults who were born after fewer than 32 weeks of pregnancy to that of those born full-term.
Lung function tests were given to three groups: 20 adults who were born prematurely and had bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD – a chronic lung condition mainly affecting premature infants), 15 adults born prematurely without BPD, and 20 healthy adults who were born at full-term.
The scientists found that both groups of prematurely-born adults showed mild symptoms of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and had reduced lung capacity.
Based on their findings, the researchers have called for more research into how to protect the lung health and improve the quality of life among people born prematurely.
Learn about the factors that can cause lung disease and the ways to reduce your contact with them.
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