All lung conditions

Lung conditions are one of the world’s biggest health concerns, causing about one sixth of all deaths worldwide. The impact of lung diseases remains as large today as it was at the turn of the century and is likely to remain so for several decades. Lung conditions cause disability and premature death. They have a huge cost related to primary care, hospital care and treatments, as well as the loss of productivity of those who cannot work and people who die early because of their condition.

Acute lower respiratory infections
Acute respiratory distress syndrome
Adult asthma

Adult asthma

Asthma is a common, long-term condition that can affect people of all ages. It causes inflammation in the airways. The term adult asthma refers to either: Childhood asthma that has…

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Bronchiectasis

Bronchiectasis

Bronchiectasis describes the widening (“ectasis”) of some of the airways. The airways normally produce a small amount of mucus (sputum or phlegm) which traps any germs that enter the lungs.…

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Childhood asthma

Childhood asthma

Asthma is a condition that causes inflammation in the airways. It is the most common long-term condition in children. Asthma can start at any time of life, but is likely…

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COPD

COPD

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a long-term condition that causes inflammation in the lungs, damaged lung tissue and a narrowing of the airways, making breathing difficult. There are many…

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Cystic fibrosis

Cystic fibrosis

Cystic fibrosis (CF) is an inherited disease, which is most common in white children and young adults, although it can affect people of any race. It used to be thought…

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Interstitial lung disease (ILD)

Interstitial lung disease (ILD)

Interstitial lung diseases (ILDs), also known as diffuse parenchymal lung diseases, result from damage to the cells surrounding the alveoli (air sacs) leading to widespread inflammation and fibrotic scarring of…

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Lung cancer

Lung cancer

Lung cancer is cancer of the trachea (windpipe), bronchus (airway) or lung air sacs (alveoli). Lung cancer was a rare disease at the start of the 20th century, but increase…

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Lung disease in children

Lung disease in children

Research has shown that lung problems account for about one quarter of all visits by children to a general practitioner. The two main conditions affecting children are asthma and cystic…

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Occupational lung disease

Occupational lung disease

Occupational, or work-related, lung conditions are conditions that have been caused or made worse by the materials a person is exposed to within the workplace. The impact of these conditions…

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Pulmonary vascular disease

Pulmonary vascular disease

There are two main types of pulmonary vascular diseases: pulmonary embolism and pulmonary hypertension. Pulmonary embolism occurs due to blood clots which block branches of the arteries in the lungs,…

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Rare and orphan lung disease
Sleep disordered breathing

Sleep disordered breathing

The term ‘sleep disordered breathing’ refers to a range of conditions that result in abnormal breathing during sleep. The most common is sleep apnoea. Apnoea means a temporary pause in…

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Tuberculosis

Tuberculosis

Tuberculosis (TB) is a disease caused by a bacterium called Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Recently, new strains have emerged that are resistant to commonly used drugs. Like other bacteria, mycobacteria can undergo…

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